James G. Faverman
President SIR, Inc.
As a Public Benefit Non Profit Corporation, Sons In Retirement, Incorporated
as well as all of the subsidiary Branch Corporations may hold Raffles only
under the most stringent conditions. Violating the codes that apply is a
misdemeanor punishable by fines or imprisonment.
Some, but not all of these conditions are:
• 90 % of the gross receipts must be retained by the Branch leaving only 10%
• Each Branch must register on an annual basis an APPLICATION FOR
REGISTRATION, NON-PROFIT RAFFLE PROGRAM using form ct-NRP-1 issued by the
Attorney General of California
• Each Branch must file a NONPROFIT RAFFLE REPORT for Each raffle (a two
page report) using form ct-NRP-2 issued by the Attorney General of
A copy of California Codes, Penal Code Section 319-329 can be found in
Appendix 1 which lists these and more restrictions.
These restrictions on raffles are so onerous and only returning 10% as
prizes so unappealing and the penalty for non-compliance so serious that I
am asking all Branches to not hold any Raffles.
Note: This document distributed at some Training Sessions does not contain
319. A lottery is any scheme for the disposal or distribution of
property by chance, among persons who have paid or promised to pay
any valuable consideration for the chance of obtaining such property
or a portion of it, or for any share or any interest in such
property, upon any agreement, understanding, or expectation that it
is to be distributed or disposed of by lot or chance, whether called
a lottery, raffle, or gift enterprise, or by whatever name the same
may be known.
319.3. (a) In addition to Section 319, a lottery also shall include
a grab bag game which is a scheme whereby, for the disposal or
distribution of sports trading cards by chance, a person pays
valuable consideration to purchase a sports trading card grab bag
with the understanding that the purchaser has a chance to win a
designated prize or prizes listed by the seller as being contained in
one or more, but not all, of the grab bags.
(b) For purposes of this section, the following definitions shall
(1) "Sports trading card grab bag" means a sealed package which
contains one or more sports trading cards that have been removed from
the manufacturer's original packaging. A "sports trading card grab
bag" does not include a sweepstakes, or procedure for the
distribution of any sports trading card of value by lot or by chance,
which is not unlawful under other provisions of law.
(2) "Sports trading card" means any card produced for use in
commerce that contains a company name or logo, or both, and an image,
representation, or facsimile of one or more players or other team
member or members in any pose, and that is produced pursuant to an
appropriate licensing agreement.
319.5. Neither this chapter nor Chapter 10 (commencing with Section
330) applies to the possession or operation of a reverse vending
machine. As used in this section a reverse vending machine is a
machine in which empty beverage containers are deposited for
recycling and which provides a payment of money, merchandise,
vouchers, or other incentives at a frequency less than upon each
deposit. The pay out of a reverse vending machine is made on a
deposit selected at random within the designated number of required
The deposit of an empty beverage container in a reverse vending
machine does not constitute consideration within the definition of
lottery in Section 319.
320. Every person who contrives, prepares, sets up, proposes, or
draws any lottery, is guilty of a misdemeanor.
320.5. (a) Nothing in this chapter applies to any raffle conducted
by an eligible organization as defined in subdivision (c) for the
purpose of directly supporting beneficial or charitable purposes or
financially supporting another private, nonprofit, eligible
organization that performs beneficial or charitable purposes if the
raffle is conducted in accordance with this section.
(b) For purposes of this section, "raffle" means a scheme for the
distribution of prizes by chance among persons who have paid money
for paper tickets that provide the opportunity to win these prizes,
where all of the following are true:
(1) Each ticket is sold with a detachable coupon or stub, and both
the ticket and its associated coupon or stub are marked with a
unique and matching identifier.
(2) Winners of the prizes are determined by draw from among the
coupons or stubs described in paragraph (1) that have been detached
from all tickets sold for entry in the draw.
(3) The draw is conducted in California under the supervision of a
natural person who is 18 years of age or older.
(4) (A) At least 90 percent of the gross receipts generated from
the sale of raffle tickets for any given draw are used by the
eligible organization conducting the raffle to benefit or provide
support for beneficial or charitable purposes, or it may use those
revenues to benefit another private, nonprofit organization, provided
that an organization receiving these funds is itself an eligible
organization as defined in subdivision (c). As used in this section,
"beneficial purposes" excludes purposes that are intended to benefit
officers, directors, or members, as defined by Section 5056 of the
Corporations Code, of the eligible organization. In no event shall
funds raised by raffles conducted pursuant to this section be used to
fund any beneficial, charitable, or other purpose outside of
California. This section does not preclude an eligible organization
from using funds from sources other than the sale of raffle tickets
to pay for the administration or other costs of conducting a raffle.
(B) An employee of an eligible organization who is a direct seller
of raffle tickets shall not be treated as an employee for purposes
of workers' compensation under Section 3351 of the Labor Code if the
following conditions are satisfied:
(i) Substantially all of the remuneration (whether or not paid in
cash) for the performance of the service of selling raffle tickets is
directly related to sales rather than to the number of hours worked.
(ii) The services performed by the person are performed pursuant
to a written contract between the seller and the eligible
organization and the contract provides that the person will not be
treated as an employee with respect to the selling of raffle tickets
for workers' compensation purposes.
(C) For purposes of this section, employees selling raffle tickets
shall be deemed to be direct sellers as described in Section 650 of
the Unemployment Insurance Code as long as they meet the requirements
of that section.
(c) For purposes of this section, "eligible organization" means a
private, nonprofit organization that has been qualified to conduct
business in California for at least one year prior to conducting a
raffle and is exempt from taxation pursuant to Sections 23701a,
23701b, 23701d, 23701e, 23701f, 23701g, 23701k, 23701l, 23701t, or
23701w of the Revenue and Taxation Code.
(d) Any person who receives compensation in connection with the
operation of the raffle shall be an employee of the eligible
organization that is conducting the raffle, and in no event may
compensation be paid from revenues required to be dedicated to
beneficial or charitable purposes.
(e) No raffle otherwise permitted under this section may be
conducted by means of, or otherwise utilize, any gaming machine,
apparatus, or device, whether or not that machine, apparatus, or
device meets the definition of slot machine contained in Section
330a, 330b, or 330.1.
(f) No raffle otherwise permitted under this section may be
conducted, nor may tickets for a raffle be sold, within an operating
satellite wagering facility or racetrack inclosure licensed pursuant
to the Horse Racing Law (Chapter 4 (commencing with Section 19400) of
Division 8 of the Business and Professions Code) or within a
gambling establishment licensed pursuant to the Gambling Control Act
(Chapter 5 (commencing with Section 19800) of Division 8 of the
Business and Professions Code). A raffle may not be advertised,
operated, or conducted in any manner over the Internet, nor may
raffle tickets be sold, traded, or redeemed over the Internet. For
purposes of this section, advertisement shall not be defined to
include the announcement of a raffle on the Web site of the
organization responsible for conducting the raffle.
(g) No individual, corporation, partnership, or other legal entity
shall hold a financial interest in the conduct of a raffle, except
the eligible organization that is itself authorized to conduct that
raffle, and any private, nonprofit, eligible organizations receiving
financial support from that charitable organization pursuant to
subdivisions (a) and (b).
(h) (1) An eligible organization may not conduct a raffle
authorized under this section, unless it registers annually with the
Department of Justice. The department shall furnish a registration
form via the Internet or upon request to eligible nonprofit
organizations. The department shall, by regulation, collect only the
information necessary to carry out the provisions of this section on
this form. This information shall include, but is not limited to,
(A) The name and address of the eligible organization.
(B) The federal tax identification number, the corporate number
issued by the Secretary of State, the organization number issued by
the Franchise Tax Board, or the California charitable trust
identification number of the eligible organization.
(C) The name and title of a responsible fiduciary of the
(2) The department may require an eligible organization to pay an
annual registration fee of ten dollars ($10) to cover the actual
costs of the department to administer and enforce this section. The
department may, by regulation, adjust the annual registration fee as
needed to ensure that revenues willfully offset, but do not exceed,
the actual costs incurred by the department pursuant to this section.
The fee shall be deposited by the department into the General Fund.
(3) The department shall receive General Fund moneys for the costs
incurred pursuant to this section subject to an appropriation by the
(4) The department shall adopt regulations necessary to effectuate
this section, including emergency regulations, pursuant to the
Administrative Procedure Act (Chapter 3.5 (commencing with Section
11340) of Part 1 of Division 3 of Title 2 of the Government Code).
(5) The department shall maintain an automated data base of all
registrants. Each local law enforcement agency shall notify the
department of any arrests or investigation that may result in an
administrative or criminal action against a registrant. The
department may audit the records and other documents of a registrant
to ensure compliance with this section.
(6) Once registered, an eligible organization must file annually
thereafter with the department a report that includes the following:
(A) The aggregate gross receipts from the operation of raffles.
(B) The aggregate direct costs incurred by the eligible
organization from the operation of raffles.
(C) The charitable or beneficial purposes for which proceeds of
the raffles were used, or identify the eligible recipient
organization to which proceeds were directed, and the amount of those
(7) The department shall annually furnish to registrants a form to
collect this information.
(8) The registration and reporting provisions of this section do
not apply to any religious corporation sole or other religious
corporation or organization that holds property for religious
purposes, to a cemetery corporation regulated under Chapter 19 of
Division 3 of the Business and Professions Code, or to any committee
as defined in Section 82013 that is required to and does file any
statement pursuant to the provisions of Article 2 (commencing with
Section 84200) of Chapter 4 of Title 9, or to a charitable
corporation organized and operated primarily as a religious
organization, educational institution, hospital, or a health care
service plan licensed pursuant to Section 1349 of the Health and
(i) The department may take legal action against a registrant if
it determines that the registrant has violated this section or any
regulation adopted pursuant to this section, or that the registrant
has engaged in any conduct that is not in the best interests of the
public's health, safety, or general welfare. Any action taken
pursuant to this subdivision does not prohibit the commencement of an
administrative or criminal action by the Attorney General, a
district attorney, city attorney, or county counsel.
(j) Each action and hearing conducted to deny, revoke, or suspend
a registry, or other administrative action taken against a registrant
shall be conducted pursuant to the Administrative Procedure Act
(Chapters 4.5 and 5 (commencing with Section 11340) of Part 1 of
Division 3 of Title 2 of the Government Code). The department may
seek recovery of the costs incurred in investigating or prosecuting
an action against a registrant or applicant in accordance with those
procedures specified in Section 125.3 of the Business and Professions
Code. A proceeding conducted under this subdivision is subject to
judicial review pursuant to Section 1094.5 of the Code of Civil
(k) The Department of Justice shall conduct a study and report to
the Legislature by December 31, 2003, on the impact of this section
on raffle practices in California. Specifically, the study shall
include, but not be limited to, information on whether the number of
raffles has increased, the amount of money raised through raffles and
whether this amount has increased, whether there are consumer
complaints, and whether there is increased fraud in the operation of
(l) This section shall become operative on July 1, 2001.
(m) A raffle shall be exempt from this section if it satisfies all
of the following requirements:
(1) It involves a general and indiscriminate distributing of the
(2) The tickets are offered on the same terms and conditions as
the tickets for which a donation is given.
(3) The scheme does not require any of the participants to pay for
a chance to win.
321. Every person who sells, gives, or in any manner whatever,
furnishes or transfers to or for any other person any ticket, chance,
share, or interest, or any paper, certificate, or instrument
purporting or understood to be or to represent any ticket, chance,
share, or interest in, or depending upon the event of any lottery, is
guilty of a misdemeanor.
322. Every person who aids or assists, either by printing, writing,
advertising, publishing, or otherwise in setting up, managing, or
drawing any lottery, or in selling or disposing of any ticket,
chance, or share therein, is guilty of a misdemeanor.
323. Every person who opens, sets up, or keeps, by himself or by
any other person, any office or other place for the sale of, or for
registering the number of any ticket in any lottery, or who, by
printing, writing, or otherwise, advertises or publishes the setting
up, opening, or using of any such office, is guilty of a misdemeanor.
324. Every person who insures or receives any consideration for
insuring for or against the drawing of any ticket in any lottery
whatever, whether drawn or to be drawn within this State or not, or
who receives any valuable consideration upon any agreement to repay
any sum, or deliver the same, or any other property, if any lottery
ticket or number of any ticket in any lottery shall prove fortunate
or unfortunate, or shall be drawn or not be drawn, at any particular
time or in any particular order, or who promises or agrees to pay any
sum of money, or to deliver any goods, things in action, or
property, or to forbear to do anything for the benefit of any person,
with or without consideration, upon any event or contingency
dependent on the drawing of any ticket in any lottery, or who
publishes any notice or proposal of any of the purposes aforesaid, is
guilty of a misdemeanor.
325. All moneys and property offered for sale or distribution in
violation of any of the provisions of this chapter are forfeited to
the state, and may be recovered by information filed, or by an action
brought by the Attorney General, or by any district attorney, in the
name of the state. Upon the filing of the information or complaint,
the clerk of the court must issue an attachment against the property
mentioned in the complaint or information, which attachment has the
same force and effect against such property, and is issued in the
same manner as attachments issued from the superior courts in civil
326. Every person who lets, or permits to be used, any building or
vessel, or any portion thereof, knowing that it is to be used for
setting up, managing, or drawing any lottery, or for the purpose of
selling or disposing of lottery tickets, is guilty of a misdemeanor.
326.5. (a) Neither this chapter nor Chapter 10 (commencing with
Section 330) applies to any bingo game that is conducted in a city,
county, or city and county pursuant to an ordinance enacted under
Section 19 of Article IV of the State Constitution, if the ordinance
allows games to be conducted only by organizations exempted from the
payment of the bank and corporation tax by Sections 23701a, 23701b,
23701d, 23701e, 23701f, 23701g, and 23701l of the Revenue and
Taxation Code and by mobilehome park associations and senior citizens
organizations; and if the receipts of those games are used only for
(b) It is a misdemeanor for any person to receive or pay a profit,
wage, or salary from any bingo game authorized by Section 19 of
Article IV of the State Constitution. Security personnel employed by
the organization conducting the bingo game may be paid from the
revenues of bingo games, as provided in subdivisions (j) and (k).
(c) A violation of subdivision (b) shall be punishable by a fine
not to exceed ten thousand dollars ($10,000), which fine is deposited
in the general fund of the city, county, or city and county that
enacted the ordinance authorizing the bingo game. A violation of any
provision of this section, other than subdivision (b), is a
(d) The city, county, or city and county that enacted the
ordinance authorizing the bingo game may bring an action to enjoin a
violation of this section.
(e) No minors shall be allowed to participate in any bingo game.
(f) An organization authorized to conduct bingo games pursuant to
subdivision (a) shall conduct a bingo game only on property owned or
leased by it, or property whose use is donated to the organization,
and which property is used by that organization for an office or for
performance of the purposes for which the organization is organized.
Nothing in this subdivision shall be construed to require that the
property owned or leased by, or whose use is donated to, the
organization be used or leased exclusively by, or donated exclusively
to, that organization.
(g) All bingo games shall be open to the public, not just to the
members of the authorized organization.
(h) A bingo game shall be operated and staffed only by members of
the authorized organization that organized it. Those members shall
not receive a profit, wage, or salary from any bingo game. Only the
organization authorized to conduct a bingo game shall operate such a
game, or participate in the promotion, supervision, or any other
phase of a bingo game. This subdivision does not preclude the
employment of security personnel who are not members of the
authorized organization at a bingo game by the organization
conducting the game.
(i) No individual, corporation, partnership, or other legal
entity, except the organization authorized to conduct a bingo game,
shall hold a financial interest in the conduct of a bingo game.
(j) With respect to organizations exempt from payment of the bank
and corporation tax by Section 23701d of the Revenue and Taxation
Code, all profits derived from a bingo game shall be kept in a
special fund or account and shall not be commingled with any other
fund or account. Those profits shall be used only for charitable
(k) With respect to other organizations authorized to conduct
bingo games pursuant to this section, all proceeds derived from a
bingo game shall be kept in a special fund or account and shall not
be commingled with any other fund or account. Proceeds are the
receipts of bingo games conducted by organizations not within
subdivision (j). Those proceeds shall be used only for charitable
purposes, except as follows:
(1) The proceeds may be used for prizes.
(2) A portion of the proceeds, not to exceed 20 percent of the
proceeds before the deduction for prizes, or two thousand dollars
($2,000) per month, whichever is less, may be used for the rental of
property and for overhead, including the purchase of bingo equipment,
administrative expenses, security equipment, and security personnel.
(3) The proceeds may be used to pay license fees.
(4) A city, county, or city and county that enacts an ordinance
permitting bingo games may specify in the ordinance that if the
monthly gross receipts from bingo games of an organization within
this subdivision exceed five thousand dollars ($5,000), a minimum
percentage of the proceeds shall be used only for charitable purposes
not relating to the conducting of bingo games and that the balance
shall be used for prizes, rental of property, overhead,
administrative expenses, and payment of license fees. The amount of
proceeds used for rental of property, overhead, and administrative
expenses is subject to the limitations specified in paragraph (2).
(l) (1) A city, county, or city and county may impose a license
fee on each organization that it authorizes to conduct bingo games.
The fee, whether for the initial license or renewal, shall not exceed
fifty dollars ($50) annually, except as provided in paragraph (2).
If an application for a license is denied, one-half of any license
fee paid shall be refunded to the organization.
(2) In lieu of the license fee permitted under paragraph (1), a
city, county, or city and county may impose a license fee of fifty
dollars ($50) paid upon application. If an application for a license
is denied, one-half of the application fee shall be refunded to the
organization. An additional fee for law enforcement and public
safety costs incurred by the city, county, or city and county that
are directly related to bingo activities may be imposed and shall be
collected monthly by the city, county, or city and county issuing the
license; however, the fee shall not exceed the actual costs incurred
in providing the service.
(m) No person shall be allowed to participate in a bingo game,
unless the person is physically present at the time and place where
the bingo game is being conducted.
(n) The total value of prizes awarded during the conduct of any
bingo games shall not exceed two hundred fifty dollars ($250) in cash
or kind, or both, for each separate game which is held.
(o) As used in this section, "bingo" means a game of chance in
which prizes are awarded on the basis of designated numbers or
symbols on a card that conform to numbers or symbols selected at
random. Notwithstanding Section 330c, as used in this section, the
game of bingo includes cards having numbers or symbols that are
concealed and preprinted in a manner providing for distribution of
prizes. The winning cards shall not be known prior to the game by
any person participating in the playing or operation of the bingo
game. All preprinted cards shall bear the legend, "for sale or use
only in a bingo game authorized under California law and pursuant to
local ordinance." It is the intention of the Legislature that bingo
as defined in this subdivision applies exclusively to this section
and shall not be applied in the construction or enforcement of any
other provision of law.
327. Every person who contrives, prepares, sets up, proposes, or
operates any endless chain is guilty of a public offense, and is
punishable by imprisonment in the county jail not exceeding one year
or in state prison for 16 months, two, or three years.
As used in this section, an "endless chain" means any scheme for
the disposal or distribution of property whereby a participant pays a
valuable consideration for the chance to receive compensation for
introducing one or more additional persons into participation in the
scheme or for the chance to receive compensation when a person
introduced by the participant introduces a new participant.
Compensation, as used in this section, does not mean or include
payment based upon sales made to persons who are not participants in
the scheme and who are not purchasing in order to participate in the
328. Nothing in this chapter shall make unlawful the printing or
other production of any advertisements for, or any ticket, chance, or
share in a lottery conducted in any other state or nation where such
lottery is not prohibited by the laws of such state or nation; or
the sale of such materials by the manufacturer thereof to any person
or entity conducting or participating in the conduct of such a
lottery in any such state or nation. This section does not authorize
any advertisement within California relating to lotteries, or the
sale or resale within California of lottery tickets, chances, or
shares to individuals, or acts otherwise in violation of any laws of
329. Upon a trial for the violation of any of the provisions of
this chapter, it is not necessary to prove the existence of any
lottery in which any lottery ticket purports to have been issued, or
to prove the actual signing of any such ticket or share, or
pretended ticket or share, of any pretended lottery, nor that any
lottery ticket, share, or interest was signed or issued by the
authority of any manager, or of any person assuming to have authority
as manager; but in all cases proof of the sale, furnishing,
bartering, or procuring of any ticket, share, or interest therein, or
of any instrument purporting to be a ticket, or part or share of any
such ticket, is evidence that such share or interest was signed and
issued according to the purport thereof.